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  • Haylee Ellis, Christiaan Mulder, Emilio Valverde, Alan Poling and Timothy Edwards

    Reproducibility of African giant pouched rats detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis, April 2017

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  • Mikael Bold et al: Mine Detection Rats - APOPO - Efficiency and Effectiveness Study using MDR capability

    Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining. August 2016.

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  • Timothy L. Edwards, Christophe Cox et al: Giant African pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus) that work on tilled soil accurately detect land mines.

    Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, May 2015

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  • Mahoney, A., LaLonde, K., Edwards,T. et al. (2014). Landmine-detection rats: An evaluation of reinforcement procedures under simulated operational conditions.

    Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 3, 450-456.

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  • Mahoney, A., et al. 2012. Mine Detection Rats: Effects of Repeated Extinction on Detection Rates

    The Journal of ERW and Mine Action, issue 16.3, Fall 2012

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  • Poling, A., et al. 2011. Remote Explosive Scent Tracing REST.

    Geneva: Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining. November 2011.

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  • Bach, H. 2011. Thailand and Compliance with the APMBC: Mission Impossible...Or a Feasible Task?

    The Journal of ERW and Mine Action: Issue 15.3.

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  • Beyene, N. 2011. Extraction and sample preparation procedures for the analysis of nitroaromatic explosive compounds in soil.

    In Explosive materials: Classification, Compounds, and Properties, ed. T.J. Janssen, 203-230. USA: Nova publishers.

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  • Poling, A., et al, 2010. Using trained pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus) to detect landmines: Another victory for operant conditioning.

    Journal of applied Behaviour Analysis, 2011 summer; 44(2): 351-355

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  • Jones, B.M., et al. 2011. Remote explosive scent tracing of explosive remnants of war: A perspective from the 2010 Morogoro workshop.

    The Journal of ERW and Mine Action 15.1 (Spring): 68-73.

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  • Beyene, N. 2010. Extraction of nitroaromatic explosive compounds from soil: Critical review.

    In Energetic materials: Chemistry, hazards, and environmental aspectsed, ed. J.R. Howell, 1-30. USA: Nova publishers.

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  • Poling, A., 2010. Two strategies for landmine detection by giant pouched rats.

    The Journal of ERW and Mine Action 14.1.

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  • Poling, A., et al.2010. Teaching giant African pouched rats to find landmines: Operant conditioning with real consequences.

    Behavioral Analysis in Practice 3: 19-25.

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  • Poling, A., et al. 2010. Using giant African pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus) to detect landmines.

    The Psychological Record, 2010, 60 (4): 715-728

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  • Weetjens, B. 2007. Animal assistance to humans, giant African pouched rats saving lives.

    In Encyclopedia of human-animal relationships: A global exploration of our connection with animals, ed. M. Bekoff, 11-13. Connecticut: Greenwood press.

  • Cox, C., et al. 2004. Rats for demining: an overview of the APOPO program.

    Proceedings of the Eudem Conference on humanitarian landmine detection technologies.

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  • Verhagen, R. 2003. Preliminary results on the use of Cricetomys rats as indicators of buried explosives in field conditions.

    In Mine Detection Dogs: Training, operation, and odour detection 175-193. Switzerland: Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining.

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  • Haylee Ellis, Christiaan Mulder, Emilio Valverde, Alan Poling and Timothy Edwards

    Reproducibility of African giant pouched rats detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis, April 2017

    View publication
  • Christiaan Mulder, Georgies Mgode, Stewart E. Reid; Tuberculosis diagnostic technology: an African solution … think rats

    African Journal of Laboratory Medicine, March 2017

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  • Alan Poling, Emilio Valverde, Negussie Beyene et al: Active tuberculosis detection by pouched rats in 2014: More than 2,000 new patients found in two countries.

    Journal of Applied Behaviour Analysis, October 2016

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  • Timothy L. Edwards, Emilio Valverde, Christiaan Mulder, et al (2016) Pouched rats as detectors of tuberculosis: comparison to concentrated smear microscopy

    European Respiratory Journal, June 2016

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  • Reither K, Weetjens BJ, et al. 2015 Evaluation of Giant African Pouched Rats for Detection of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Patients from a High-Endemic Setting.

    PLoS ONE, October 2015, 10(10): e0135877. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0135877

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  • Poling, A., Mgode,G. et al. 2015, Using giant african pouched rats to detect human tuberculosis: a review

    The Pan African Medical Journal, August 2015, 21:333 doi:10.11604/pamj.2015.21.333.2977

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  • Mgode,G., Cohen- Bacrie,S. et al. 2014. Mycobacterium Genotypes in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Infections and Their Detection by Trained African Giant Pouched Rats.

    Current Microbiology, October 2014, 69(4)

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  • Mahoney, A., et al. 2013. Giant African Pouched Rats (Cricetomys gambianus) as Detectors of Tuberculosis in Human Sputum: Two Operational Improvements.

    The Psychological Record, 2013, 63, 1–12

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  • Mgode, G., Weetjens, B. et al. 2012. Mycobacterium tuberculosis volatiles for diagnosis of tuberculosis by Cricetomys rats.

    Tuberculosis, 92 (6), 535–542

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  • Mahoney, A., et al. 2012. Pouched Rats' Detection of Tuberculosis in Human Sputum: Comparison to Culturing and Polymerase Chain Reaction.

    Tuberculosis Research and Treatment. June 2012

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  • Beyene, N., et al. 2012. APOPO's tuberculosis research agenda: achievements, challenges and prospects.

    Tanzania Journal of Health Research. 14.2: April 2012.

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  • Nawrath T. et al. 2012, The volatiles of pathogenic and nonpathogenic mycobacteria and related bacteria

    Beilstein J. Org. Chem. 2012, 8, 290–299.

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  • Mgode, G. et al. 2012. Ability of Cricetomys Rats to Detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis and discriminate it from other Microorganisms.

    Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2012 Mar;92(2):182-6.

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  • Mgode, G., et al. 2011. Diagnosis of tuberculosis by African giant pouched rats and confounding impact of pathogens and microflora of the respiratory tract.

    Journal of Clinical Microbiology: 01199-11.

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  • Mahoney, A., et al. 2011. Using giant African pouched rats to detect tuberculosis in human sputum samples: 2010 findings.

    The Pan African Medical Journal, 2011. 9:28.

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  • Poling, A., et al. 2011. Tuberculosis detection by giant African pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus).

    The Behavior Analyst 34 (1): 47-54.

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  • Poling, A., et al. 2010. Using giant African pouched rats to detect tuberculosis in human sputum samples: 2009 findings.

    American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 83(6), 2010, pp. 1308-1310.

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  • Weetjens, B., et al. 2009. African giant rats for Tuberculosis detection: a novel diagnostic technology.

    In Global Forum Update on Research for Health, Volume 6: Innovating for the Health of All, eds. CA Gardner, et al., 39-42. Woolbridge, UK: Pro-Book Limited.

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  • Weetjens, B., et al. 2009. Early detection of pulmonary tuberculosis in sputum using trained African giant rats (Cricetomys gambianus).

    International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 13: 737-743.

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  • Mahoney, A., et al; Giant African pouched rats as detectors of tuberculosis in human sputum: comparison of two techniques for sputum presentation.

    The Psychological Record, December 2013

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  • Haylee Ellis, Christiaan Mulder, Emilio Valverde, Alan Poling and Timothy Edwards

    Reproducibility of African giant pouched rats detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis, April 2017

    View publication
  • Christiaan Mulder, Georgies Mgode, Stewart E. Reid; Tuberculosis diagnostic technology: an African solution … think rats

    African Journal of Laboratory Medicine, March 2017

    View publication
  • Alan Poling, Emilio Valverde, Negussie Beyene et al: Active tuberculosis detection by pouched rats in 2014: More than 2,000 new patients found in two countries.

    Journal of Applied Behaviour Analysis, October 2016

    View publication
  • Mikael Bold et al: Mine Detection Rats - APOPO - Efficiency and Effectiveness Study using MDR capability

    Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining. August 2016.

    View publication
  • Mahoney,A., LaLonde,K., Edwards,T. Cox, C., Weetjens, B., et al. (2014). Detection of Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products by Giant African Pouched Rats.

    Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research.

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  • Mahoney,A., Edwards,T. LaLonde,K., Beyene, N., et al. (2014). Pouched rats’ (Cricetomys gambianus) detection of Salmonella in horse feces.

    Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Research and Applications, 9, 124-126.

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  • Durgin, A., et al: Olfactory detection of salmonella Enterica Serovar Newport in horse fecal samples using giant African pouched rats: Proof-of-principle study

    Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, May 2012

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  • Machang’u, R. 2004. Serological and molecular characterization of leptospira serovar Kenya from captive African giant pouched rats from Morogoro, Tanzania.

    FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology 41(2): 117-21.

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