why Preah vihear?
At least 26 million explosive sub-munitions were dropped on Cambodia during the Vietnam War. Over 64,000 landmine and other Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) casualties have been recorded in Cambodia since 1979. With over 40,000 amputees Cambodia has the highest ratio of mine amputees per capita in the world.
Preah Vihear province in the northwest of Cambodia stands as one of the most mine-affected regions in the country. The Preah Vihear Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located on the northern edge of Preah Vihear province and receives around 110,000 visitors a year providing valuable revenue for Cambodia's most poverty-vulnerable region.
Continued conflict with Thailand and the ongoing presence of landmines and other explosive remnants of war have prevented major tourism infrastructure development by preventing access to fertile land, water sources, roads and health services and imposing financial and emotional hardship on families.