Scientific Publications

APOPO’s innovative detection rats technology is based on empirical and published scientific research.
 We operate under rigorous standards and regularly publish results in peer-reviewed journals.

View publications below

Or search for mine action, tuberculosis, rats, etc.

Mgode G., Cox C., Mwimanzi S. and Mulder C. (2017). Pediatric tuberculosis detection using trained African giant pouched rats - International Pediatric Research Foundation. doi:10.1038/pr.2018.40 
Mulder C, Mgode GF, Ellis H, Valverde E, Beyene N, Cox C, Reid SE, Van't Hoog AH, Edwards TL. (2017). Accuracy of giant African pouched rats for diagnosing tuberculosis: comparison with culture and Xpert® MTB/RIF. - Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2017 Nov 1;21(11):1127-1133.
Fast C., Bach H., McCarthy P., Cox C. (2017); Mine Detecting Rats Make an Impact in Cambodia. The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction (Issue 21.2)
Edwards T., Browne C., Schoon A., Cox C., Poling A. (2017). Animal olfactory detection of human diseases: Guidelines and systematic review - Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research , Volume 20 , 59 - 73
Edwards TL., Ellis H., Watkins EE., Mulder C., Mgode G., Cox C., Poling A. (2017). Tuberculosis detection by pouched rats: Opportunities for reinforcement under low-prevalence conditions - Behavioural processes. - DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2017.05.015
Ellis H., Mulder C., Valverde E., Poling A.,  Edwards T. (2017). Reproducibility of African giant pouched rats detecting mycobacterium tuberculosis - Biomed Central Infectious Diseases. 17:298 
Mulder C., Mgode G., Reid SE. (2017) Tuberculosis diagnostic technology: an African solution … think rats. African Journal of Laboratory Medicine 2017;6(2), a420.
Poling A., Valverde E., Beyene N., Mulder C., Cox C., MGode G., Edwards T. (2016). Active tuberculosis detection by pouched rats in 2014: More than 2,000 new patients found in two countries. Journal of Applied Behaviour Analysis