Scientific Publications

APOPO’s innovative detection rats technology is based on empirical and published scientific research.
 We operate under rigorous standards and regularly publish results in peer-reviewed journals.

View publications below

Or search for mine action, tuberculosis, rats, etc.

Edwards TL, Cox C, Weetjens B, Tewelde T, Poling A. (2015) Giant African pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus) that work on tilled soil accurately detect land mines. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis 48(3):696-700. doi: 10.1002/jaba.214.
Mgode G., Cohen-Bacrie S., Bedotto M. et al. (2015). Mycobacterium Genotypes in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Infections and Their Detection by Trained African Giant Pouched Rats. Current Microbiology, 70: 212.
La Londe K., Mahoney A., Edwards T., Cox C., Weetjens B., Durgin A. & Poling A. (2015) Training pouched rats to find people. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 2015, 48, 1–10
Mahoney A., LaLonde K., Edwards T., Cox  C., Weetjens  B. and Poling A. (2014). Detection of Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products by Giant African Pouched Rats. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. V9, ISS5, 262-268 
Mahoney A., LaLonde K., Edwards T., Cox C., Weetjens B. and Poling A. (2014). Pouched rats’ (Cricetomys gambianus) detection of Salmonella in horse feces. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Research and Applications, 9, 124-126.
Mahoney A., Lalonde K., Edwards T., Cox C., Weetjens B. and Poling A. (2014). Landmine-detection rats: An evaluation of reinforcement procedures under simulated operational conditions. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 101: 450–456.
Mahoney, A., Edwards, T.L., Weetjens, B.J., Cox, C., Beyene, N., Jubitana, M., Durgin, A., Poling, A. (2013). Giant African Pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus) as detectors of tuberculosis in human sputum: two operational improvements. The Psychological Record, 63 (1), 1–12
Mahoney A., Weetjens B., Cox C., Jubitana M., Kazwala R., Mfinanga G., and Polin, A. (2013). Giant african pouched rats as detectors of tuberculosis in human sputum: Comparison of two techniques for sputum presentation. Psychological Record, 63(1), 21-26.